Hypothyroidism Suitable Vitamins and Foods

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body does not produce enough thyroid hormones: people affected by this disease, therefore, have a slow metabolism. The most common form is Hashimoto's thyroiditis, an inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by the immune system.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

The symptoms are: weakness, fatigue, weight increase or difficulty in losing weight, dry hair, hair loss , fragile hair and nails, pale skin, dry and rough skin, abnormal menstrual cycles, cold intolerance, constipation, high cholesterol , frequent muscle pain, memory loss , depression, irritability and low libido.

Foods Suitable for Hypothyroidism

It is important to lead a healthy lifestyle, with appropriate foods for hypothyroidism and regular physical activity, but you must also manage the stress and properly take the medications that the doctor has prescribed. There is no food or diet that can cure or prevent the disease, but the effects of weight gain can be minimized by eating low-calorie, nutrient-rich foods in order to improve the immune response and prevent other diseases.

These foods are vegetables, fruits, complex carbohydrates (whole grains, pasta, potatoes), lean proteins and healthy fats in moderation.

Omegas 3 Rich Foods

Omega 3s are very important for brain function and help keep the thyroid gland healthy. Omega 3 can reduce the inflammation that slows down the functioning of the thyroid gland. High omega-3 foods include salmon and bluefish such as tuna, cod or mackerel, as well as nuts, but in smaller quantities.

If you are prescribed anticoagulant medications, talk to your doctor before increasing the intake of omega 3, as these foods can make the blood more fluid.
It is important that you consult a specialist before increasing your intake of Omega-3 fatty acids, as these may cause increased bleeding if taking anticoagulant medications.

Vitamin B Rich Foods

Vitamin B helps the thyroid gland produce energy, especially vitamin B12, which is particularly effective against anemia and reduced thyroid function. Meat, eggs, milk, seaweed, yeast or clams have a high amount of vitamin B12. Vitamin B9 is also important: it is found in vegetables, avocados, oranges, asparagus, spinach (an important source of vitamin C), cauliflower and dairy products in smaller quantities.
Spinach, a great source of vitamin C, is also rich in B vitamins

Foods That May Be Harmful

Goitrogens can affect the functioning of the thyroid gland, since they are similar to human hormones like estrogen, and they have an almost identical effect on the body. Some foods include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, soy and its derivatives.